Towards Low Carbon ICT

Wednesday 19th March, 2008 at the Said Business School, Oxford University.

The University of Oxford hosted the 'Towards Low Carbon ICT' conference to stimulate discussion on the practical measures that can be taken to build ICT services that both reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and mitigate the effects that higher energy prices will have on our institutions.

According to the world's top climate scientists, we need to reduce current carbon dioxide emissions by 70-80% in order to stabilise levels in the atmosphere and prevent dangerous climate change. However, current trends show that global energy demand will actually rise by 53%, leading to a 55% increase in carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 (International Energy Agency, 'The World Energy Outlook', 2006).

Computing professionals can make a significant contribution to tackling these worrying trends. To achieve substantial emission reductions we must consider energy consumption across the full life cycle of ICT systems, so include the manufacture, disposal and transport of equipment, along with the performance of systems when provided as managed services.

The agenda includes a record of the presentations given by each speaker.

The conference was organised by the Low Carbon ICT project and supported by the JISC institutional exemplars programme.

Agenda

Time Speaker Description Slides Audio
09.30-10.10 Registration Refreshments served in main lobby
10.10-10.15 Professor Paul Jeffreys Director of ICT, University of Oxford Welcome. download
10.15-10.45 Dr. Nick Eyre Jackson Senior Research Fellow at Oriel College, Oxford University, and Daniel Curtis Senior researcher at Oxford University Centre for the Environment. Why Oxford University must respond to the challenge. download download
10.45-11.15 Dr. Zafar Chaudry, Director ICT at Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust Building a 21st Century Consolidated, Virtualized, Enterprise IT Infrastructure download download
11.15-11.30 Break Refreshments
11.30-12.15 Liam Newcombe, British Computer Society Data Centre Specialist Group. Simulating the financial and environmental cost of operating a data centre. download download
12.15-12.45 Juergen Heidegger, Director ICT Infrastructure Products at Fujitsu Siemens Computers Greening the full lifecycle - going the extra mile. download download
12.45-14.00 Lunch and technology stands Technology stands:
14.00-14.30 Martin Chilcott, Founder and CEO of Meltwater Ventures Facebook meets green business innovation download download
14.30-15.15 Dr. Peter Waggett, Manager of Emerging Technology at IBM's Hursley Laboratory Looking forward: 'green' technologies in the pipeline. download download
15.15-15.30 Break Refreshments
15.30-16.15 Panel discussion: Dr. Zafar Chaudry, Martin Chilcott, Daniel Curtis, Dr. Nick Eyre, Juergen Heidegger, Liam Newcombe, Dr. Peter Waggett Panel discussion with audience, chaired by Dr. David Wallom.

Registration

The conference will be held on Wednesday 19th March, 2008 at the Said Business School, University of Oxford.

Registration is free, please use the online booking form (closed) to express your interest in attending (we will contact you ASAP to confirm your place).

Getting to the conference

The conferences will be held at the Said Business School, Park End Street, Oxford, OX1 1HP. The venue is 300m from the Oxford train station and a two minute walk from the City Centre and the central bus station. Delegates are advised to use public transport whenever possible, which is excellent for both getting to Oxford and within the city. Oxford is extremely well connected via rail and bus companies. For train times please visit the National Rail Enquiries web site, and for buses, Oxford Bus Company and Stagecoach, have online timetables. Information about visiting Oxford is available from OxfordCity.co.uk.

We cannot help with parking spaces which are extremely limited close to and within the city centre, but there are several park-and-ride centres serving Oxford.

There are many hotels and Bed and Breakfasts(BBs) in Oxford. The following sites list hotel rooms, apartments and BB accommodation in and around Oxford: OxLink, A1 Tourism, DataBrowse, and Stilwell's.

Speakers

Dr Zafar Chaudry (MD MSc MIS MBCS CITP)

Director of Information Management and Technology at Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust

Dr. Chaudry holds a doctorate degree in Medicine, a MSc in Health Care Management and a MSc in Information Systems. Dr Chaudry is registered with the UK Council for Health Informatics Professionals as a level 3 Health Informatics Specialist. He is a professional member of the British Medical Association, holds Chartered Status from the British Computer Society, and has been widely published.

Zafar has over 15 years of cutting-edge experience in the implementation of healthcare information systems and information technology (IT) in managed care settings spanning acute care hospitals, clinics, multispecialty group practices and software companies in the USA. Zafar has specific expertise in strategic planning, health care policy analysis and development, development and management of innovative knowledge management and health informatics systems, evidence-based medicine, internet / intranet planning and development. Zafar has also lectured at the City Colleges of Chicago.

Zafar has been involved in the development of point-of-care diagnostic software (PEPID, the Portable, Primary and Emergency Informational Database) that has been used at Northwestern, Harvard and McGill Universities. Zafar was appointed in April 2005 as the Director of Information Management and Technology for the Liverpool Womens Hospital, Europe's Largest Women's hospital. Zafar has also been appointed to the NHS Faculty of Health Informatics Board and recognised as a leader in "Business Intelligence" serving as a Board member for Obis Omni ("The UK Business Intelligence Community").

Zafar has led the Liverpool Women's Hospital to be awarded a Gold Medal and "Laureate" status in the "2007 Computerworld Honours Programme" in the USA for "Building a 21st Century Consolidated, Virtualized, Enterprise Infrastructure to Improve Patient Care". In addition, Zafar has led Liverpool Women's to be awarded the Effective IT (2007) Awards for the "Most Effective Use of IT in Public Services" and the "Most Effective Enterprise-Wide Infrastructure" as well as the CNET Award (2007) for "Public Sector Technology Project of the Year." Zafar recently became Chair of MUSE EU.

Martin Chilcott

Founder and CEO of Meltwater Ventures.

Martin Chilcott is a social and environmental entrepreneur. Currently, most of his time is spent as CEO of Oxford-based environmental business incubator, Meltwater Ventures. Meltwater is currently incubating four environmental businesses, two in the built environment, one in transport and the third is an on- and off-line green business innovation network called 2degrees that helps businesses accelerate the build-out of the partnerships they need to implement their green business strategies.

Martin is also a director of a specialist education consultancy called Place Group which works with the UK government, local education authorities and schools.

Martin cut his teeth by starting a specialist technology marketing consultancy in Oxford, in 1989, with his current business partner, James Tarin. Their main client for 5 years was a small start-up business called The Carphone Warehouse. The Carphone Warehouse grew into Europe's largest independent mobile phone retailer. As a result of its success with this client, the business moved to London, and in time transformed itself into one of the UK's leading e-business consultancies, called Clarity IBD Ltd. The latter, built its reputation through a number of high profile projects, including the development of Abbey National's online bank, cahoot.com. In April 2000, Martin and James sold the business to Proxicom Inc. of the USA for over $US70m (circa $US1m per employee).

Although Martin's passion is for fast growth entrepreneurial businesses, he has also had to work in large corporations as both a consultant and a senior executive. His last corporate roles were as Global Head of Innovation at Proxicom Inc. and Group Marketing Director of the global IT integrator, Dimension Data plc.

Martin is 41 years old, has two children, lives in Oxford and is a graduate of Clare College, Cambridge University.

Daniel Curtis

Daniel Curtis is the Evaluation Lead on the Low Carbon ICT project. He has a background in engineering, which he has applied to sustainable energy use in the fields of efficiency, off-grid systems, and renewable energy technologies.

Daniel is based at the Oxford Environmental Change Institute, where he draws on his expertise on integrating energy efficiency and renewables for reducing the carbon footprint of non-domestic buildings. He focuses on lights, ICT and appliances.

Immediately prior to coming to Oxford, Daniel worked for three years as Energy Project Manager at a hotel in the Canary Islands. Being independent of all mains services, the hotel offered special challenges. He designed and implemented an energy strategy that more than halved consumption of carbon-based fuels whilst also significantly increasing the availability of electrical power and water heating. This was achieved: (1) through more efficient generation, distribution, storage and use of electricity (produced by a combination of diesel and photovoltaics); (2) through building on an existing system of solar thermal water heating and through furthering fuel-switching.

Daniel has worked on a wide range of other projects including the Centre for Alternative Technology in Wales, and the International Energy Agency in Paris. Daniel has an MSc Environmental Technology (Energy Policy), Imperial College, London. (1994-95) and a BEng(hons) Mining Engineering, University of Leeds. (1991-94)

Dr. Nick Eyre

Dr Nick Eyre is a Jackson Senior Research Fellow at the Environmental Change Institute and Oriel College and leader of the Lower Carbon Futures group.

Nick worked at the Energy Saving Trust from 1999 to 2007, initially as Head of Policy and, from 2002, as Director of Strategy. He was responsible for the Trusts work on public policy issues, business development and long term business strategy.

In 2001, Nick was seconded to the Cabinet Office, Performance and Innovation Unit, where he was a co-author of the Governments Review of Energy Policy, leading the work streams on energy efficiency and long term energy scenarios.

Previously Nick worked as a researcher and analyst on energy and environment issues, initially in the Energy Technology Support Unit (ETSU) and then as an independent consultant. In 1997, he wrote the first published study on how the Governments 20% carbon emission reduction target might be delivered. He was lead author of the European Commissions report used as the basis for the UK Governments estimate of the social cost of carbon. He has published extensively on energy, environment and transport issues.

Nick has and MA in Physics and D.Phil in nuclear physics from the University of Oxford. He was a County Councillor in Oxfordshire from 1987 to 1993.

Juergen Heidegger

Director ICT Infrastructure Products at Fujitsu Siemens Computers.

Juergen Heidegger has worked for over 20 years the ICT industry in a wide range of roles:

During his tenure at the various companies, Juergen specialized in the areas of server, storage and infrastructure solutions.

Juergen holds a Master's degree in Economics from the University of Freiburg, Germany.

Juergen lives in Munich, Germany, and is married with two children.

Professor Paul Jeffreys (Institutional Sponsor)

Professor Paul Jeffreys was appointed Director of IT for the University of Oxford in 2007. Previously Paul was Director for Oxford University Computing Services. He is now Director of IT and OUCS Head of Department.

Paul is a professor of computing at Oxford University and a fellow of the Oxford e-Research Centre. He is also Co-Director of the e-Horizons Project (an institute within the James Martin 21st Century School, and Professorial Fellow of Keble College. Paul holds a BSc in Physics, and a PhD in Particle Physics. His previous positions include Director of Oxford University's Computer Services Director of the Oxford e-Science Centre and founding Director of the Oxford e-Research Centre a new research unit within the Maths and Physical Sciences and Life Sciences Division of Oxford University.

Before joining Oxford University Paul was Director of the Central Laboratories Research Council's e-Science Centre and Head of the Particle Physics Department's Computing and Resource Management Division at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. Earlier, he was an experimental particle physicist working at the European accelerator centre, CERN, in Switzerland. Previously his research interests were in the broad field of particle physics, but they are now focused in e-Research and the strategic direction of information technology. He established the e-Research activity within the University, and helped create the new Oxford e-Research Centre.

Liam Newcombe

Liam Newcombe, with over 14 years experience in IT infrastructure, software development and solution design. Liam has delivered services and products used by many of the UK's biggest businesses. Liam has held a wide variety of roles ranging from operational management to product engineering. Liam is also an advocate of driving up the level of professionalism in the IT industry through the use of sound engineering practices. He has brought to market a number of data centre based product offerings for businesses such as Digital Island and Cable and Wireless. Today Liam consults on solution architecture and enables businesses to truly understand the relationship between their requirements and the way technology can best fulfil those requirements.

Dr. Peter Waggett

Dr. Peter Waggett brings extensive experience of innovative IT systems, including research into telematics and low power systems based on novel processing architectures. He has represented IBM with a wide range of Government and private sector clients to look at how they can streamline their business's to increase effectiveness and reduce usage of resources. In the travel and transportation sector his projects include a wide range targeted at introducing successful logistics and resource scheduling systems.

Dr. David Wallom

David Wallom is Technical Manager of the Oxford e-Research Centre, prior to which he was Campus Grid Manager. In his present role he is expected to engage the wider community within various Oxford departments by constructing a campus grid with resources from four different departments.

Previously he has been the Operations Director for the Centre for e-Research Bristol which included constructing a campus wide computation grid with the brief to include as many computationally active departments as possible. The experience of constructing a campus grid for Bristol helped engage the wider community through the Global Grid Forum Production Grid Services Research Group of which David is co-chair.

Before this he worked in the UK e-Science Grid Support Centre at CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. This provided international contacts through groups in CERN and through his role as the UK representative in the European Grid Support centre and with the Globus team at Argonne National Laboratory.

Previously he was employed by the space software company SCISYS (Space) Ltd working on the Meteosat Second Generation ground system. He was also lead developer on the Radiation transport and Solar Systems Research subcomponents for the ESA SpaceGrid project.

David has a degree in Applied Physics from Coventry University which included a year in industry at Forschungszentrum Jlich working on the COSY-TOF experiment. He also has a PhD in Experimental Particle Physics from the University of Bristol, having worked on the BaBar experiment at Stanford Linear Accelerator Centre.

David is also currently chair of the UK e-Science Engineering Task Force.

Technology stands

AdInfa

AdInfa - helping you to cut costs and cut carbon through enhanced monitoring. A UK software business, AdInfa has developed a suite of software, called InSite, for system monitoring, reporting and alerting. InSite can operate standalone (having a number of monitoring probes built-in) and it can integrate with and aggregate feeds from 3rd party systems, providing a single portal to view information coming from multiple, disparate systems. Server-based and working in real-time, InSite is controllable via a secure web portal requiring only a browser to drive it.

One application of InSite is to deploy it to monitor energy consumption and utilisation of devices in data centres, providing valuable information in a powerful, graphical way enabling organisations to reduce consumption and costs. For example, imagine these scenarios: (1) the data centre manager wants to be able to monitor power usage by rack and device with a view to making the owners of the devices aware of their utilisation and power consumption so that (a) they can be persuaded to allow automatic switch-off in times of non-usage and (b) so that costs of consumption can be allocated and (c) so that all this can be reported (kWh, CO2 emissions etc). (2) the data centre manager wants to monitor individual circuits from PDUs (power distribution units) in the data centre suites to make sure customers are not drawing excessive current and to allow those customers to view usage data of their servers etc from the comfort of their own browser. InSite makes this happen quickly, efficiently and effectively - talk to us to find out how.

We work with companies like Equinix, Tiscali Business UK and Cisco. Our software can be deployed rapidly, is easy to use and easy to understand, delivering excellent RoI and delighted users. InSite is available as a managed service or licenced software.

Best Foot Forward

Best Foot Forward (BFF) are one of Europe's leading sustainability consultancies specialising in energy and natural resource accounting methodologies such as resource flow analysis, ecological footprinting and carbon accounting. Since completing the first detailed footprint of an organisation in 1998, BFF have to date completed well over 300 footprint projects from the study of a single apple from South Africa to the entire city of London. We have created and developed a range of tools for calculating ecological and carbon footprints of organisations, processes and products.

BFF are one of a select group of approved contractors for the Carbon Trust's Product Labelling Scheme. BFF were awarded a Queen's Award for Enterprise in Sustainable Development in April 2005. This extremely prestigious award is for continuous achievement in sustainable development based on footprint analysis.

Dell

Dell was founded in 1984 by Michael Dell on a simple concept: by selling computer systems directly to customers, we could best understand their needs and efficiently provide the most effective computing solutions to meet those needs. Our evolving business strategy combines our revolutionary direct customer model with new distribution channels to reach commercial customers and individual customers around the world.

Dell listens to customers and delivers innovative technology and services they trust and value. We offer a broad range of product categories, including desktop computer systems, servers and networking products, mobility products, software and peripherals and enhanced services.

At Dell, we're committed to becoming the greenest technology company on the planet. To reach that goal we consider the impact to the environment in every aspect of our business. Throughout our product development process we focus on the design of energy-efficient products and responsible manufacturing. We also offer easy-to-use recycling programmes and "Plant a Tree for Me", a programme to help our customers offset carbon emissions. For more information about our commitment to Low Carbon ICT please visit http://www.dell.com/earth.

Fujitsu Siemens Computers

Founded in 1999, Fujitsu Siemens Computers(FSC) is Europe's largest IT manufacturer. Serving the needs of large corporations, small and medium sized companies and consumers, the company offers one of the world's most complete IT product and solution portfolios. FSC is a unique company with unique parentage. We benefit from the global strength and innovative power of both Fujitsu of Japan and Siemens of Germany. It is this unique parentage that gives our customers the reassurance of IT products and solutions of unparalleled quality and reliability.

Our strategic direction is focused on Mobility and the Dynamic Data Centre. The Dynamic Data Centre harnesses the core competencies of Fujitsu Siemens Computers and is concerned with building secure, reliable and scalable IT infrastructures. We also address the ever-increasing demand for advanced solutions that support the mobility of users with anytime access to Internet services and applications - independent of location and device.

At FSC, we view our environmental, ethical and sourcing responsibilities with great importance and we continue to play a leading role with our Green standard consistently setting the benchmark. Green PC's now account for a quarter of all professional PC's sold and this figure exceeds 50 percent in a number of countries.

In 1993, FSC launched the world's first Green PC, with automatic power conservation and save-to-disk functions Green PC's now account for 25% of all professional PC's sold by FSC. This figure exceeds 50% in some countries. To date, we have converted four out of the nine production lines in Augsburg to support environmentally compatible manufacturing processes, each at a cost of up to 600,000 Euros. On completion of the conversion, mid 2006, it is estimated that we will reducing our lead consumption by 20 tonnes a year.

Over the past ten years, our Augsburg plant has reduced waste and the average power consumption to manufacture a PC by over 60%. Our used IT equipment take-back program started in 1988, long before people even started talking about environmental standards and long before any other IT manufacture.

FSC was the first IT manufacturer to market a PC awarded the 'Blue Angel' - an eco-labelling program run by the German Ministry for the Environment. We were also the first IT manufacturer to exceed the criteria of 'Nordic Swan' - an eco-labelling program run by the Nordic Council of Ministers. All our high volume products meet both the 'Blue Angel' and Nordic Swam' standards The WEEE Directive sets a 75% recycling target by the end of 2006. FSC achieves a 98% recycling rate on our own systems.

Kyocera Mita

When Kyocera Corporation was founded in 1959 to develop products based on ceramic technology, its founder's ideals of respect for humanity and for the global environment were a long way ahead of their time. Nearly 50 years later the company's wide-ranging portfolio of products including solar panels, catalytic converters and environmentally responsible laser printers and multifunction copiers, is testament to the vision of that founder, Dr. Kazuo Inamori, and is the driving force behind the success of one of the world's top 500 companies.

Sustainable design is one of the core principles of Kyocera's philosophy. In 1992 Kyocera launched its range of ECOSYS laser printers, designed from the start to reduce the amount of waste and raw materials associated with office printing. At the heart of ECOSYS technology is a long life print drum, which lasts up to 30 times longer than the Organic Photo Conductor (OPC) drums used by most cartridge-based printers. This means that rather than replacing the drum every time the printer runs out of toner, it is a long life part of the machine. This approach dramatically reduces the number of parts in a toner cassette, from around 60 individually engineered and milled components in a traditional cartridge, to just five in Kyocera's equivalent product. This makes Kyocera toner cassettes less resource-heavy to manufacture and far easier to recycle than the complex cartridges used in most laser printers.

The design simplicity of Kyocera ECOSYS printer also makes them extremely cost-effective. In fact, over the lifetime of the device, Kyocera printers can cost up to 60% less to run than traditionally designed products. This is truly the holy grail of sustainable design: an environmentally responsible product that costs less than the conventional alternative.

ukngroup

The Sun Microsystems and ukngroup collaboration combines world-leading technology innovation with in-depth, public sector service excellence. Focus has shifted away from traditional desktop PCs in favour of the improved flexibility, cost benefits and energy efficiency of thin-client technology. With over 10 years experience providing managed services, ukngroup are enabling customers to take full advantage of Sun's unique systems designs.

Each year IT consumes 4 - 5 per cent of the total global energy that is produced, the equivalent of around 1 billion tonnes of CO2. The environmental impact accumulates further when taking into account the numerous chemicals used when manufacturing a PC and the number released upon disposal. The costs are also compounded by the high price of WEEE compliant decommissioning when they reach end-of-life on the desks of our homes and offices.

Corporate IT has been driven by an exponential increase in the processing, storage and memory capabilities of new hardware innovation. More power to the desktop usually means more power consumption and lower energy efficiency, with little to be shown in terms of productivity gains; other than the ability to run the latest version of an operating system or application.

Our Sun Ray 2 desktop strategy aims to relocates the entire processing, storage and operating environment into the server room or data centre. These low power devices typically consumes only 4 Watts of energy, a 95 per cent reduction when compared to a traditional PC.

To find out more please visit us at www.ukngroup.com

Very-PC

Over the last 3 years, Very-PC has focused on developing a range of IT that has become increasingly environmentally friendly. Our computers use quality low energy components which means our "GreenPCs" run at lower temperatures and near silently. Our most efficient PC base unit has an average energy consumption of under 30W, which is a quarter of typical PC equivalents and up to half that of other green computers on the market. By carefully selecting the highest quality components, we produce PCs that perform better for longer. We are confident that our machines have a lifespan of 5 years compared the industry standard of only 3 years. As a result of our work in this area, VeryPC have won the European title of PC Pro Environmental Innovator 2007.

Resources

Thank you very much to the delegates who sent through references to the following resources:

Communities

Papers

Research groups