What is XML markup for?

7. What does markup capture?

Compare
<lb/> <hi rend="dropcap">H</hi> <g ref="#WYNN"/>ĘT WE GARDE <lb/>na in gear-dagum žeod-cyninga <lb/>žrym gefrunon, hu ša ęželingas <lb/>ellen fremedon. oft scyld scefing sceaže <supplied>na</supplied> <lb/>žreatum, moneg<ex>um</ex> męgžum meodo-setl <supplied>a</supplied> <lb/>of<damage>  <desc>blotted</desc> </damage>teah ...
and
<lg>  <l>Hwęt! we Gar-dena in gear-dagum</l>  <l>žeod-cyninga žrym gefrunon,</l>  <l>hu ša ęželingas ellen fremedon,</l> </lg> <lg>  <l>Oft Scyld Scefing sceažena žreatum,</l>  <l>monegum męgžum meodo-setla ofteah;</l>  <l>egsode Eorle, syššan ęrest wearž</l>  <l>feasceaft funden...</l> </lg>

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