What is XML markup for?

3. The ontology of text

Where is the text?
  • in the shape of letters and their layout?
  • in the original from which this copy derives?
  • in the stories we read into it? or in its author's intentions?

A "text" is an abstraction, created by or for a community of readers. Markup encodes and makes concrete such abstractions.

Up: Contents Previous: 2. Is this the same text? Next: 4. Encoding of texts